In a nutshell – India’s National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020

Posted on: Jan 21, 2013 - 11:17am IST

Mahindra e20Earlier this month, our Hon’ble Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh revealed the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) to reduce the environmental impact of the automotive industry.

The NEMMP 2020 is a detailed plan based on an in-depth primary data study conducted jointly by government, automotive industry and academia/research institutes. The NEMMP is vital for reducing our dependence on fossil fuels, 80% of which is imported leading to massive foreign exchange deficit.

Here is our ‘In a Nutshell’ version of India’s plans to become a global leader in EVs by 2020 –


  • To put 6-7 million EVs on road by 2020; 4-5 million are expected to be two-wheelers.
  • Reduce dependence on fossil fuels.
  • To promote cleaner technologies.

Why do it?

  • India’s excessive appetite for fossil fuel has an adverse impact on the environment and even on our foreign exchange reserves.
  • Successful implementation of NEMMP will result in 2.2 – 2.5 million tones of fossil fuel savings by 2020, that’s a monetary saving of Rs 30,000 crore.
  • It will also lower vehicular emissions and decrease carbon di-oxide emissions by 1.3% to 1.5% by 2020.
  • The production of hybrid and electric vehicles in India is an investment that will deliver economic growth, quality jobs and a cleaner future.

How will we do it?

  • Both the government and the automotive industry will jointly invest Rs 23,000 crores to develop the EV eco-system in India.
  • The government will invest close to Rs 14,000 crores over the next 5-6 years. The automakers will invest close to Rs 8,000 crores.
  • India will deploy support measures that will quicken up the process of consumer acceptance of EVs.

Who is helping us?

Germany is going to help India achieve its target and we couldn’t have found a better partner.

The Germans are a strong supporters of electric mobility. Currently, Germany has about 1,500 EVs operating on German roads. By 2020, Germany aims to put at least one million electric vehicles on their roads. Thanks to these efforts, German cities are among the greenest in Europe.

An Indo-German Joint Working Group (JWG) on Automotive Sector has been established to intensify cooperation in the development of efficient automotive technologies and alternate fuels and drives.

The Challenge ahead

India‘s electric auto industry is really very small. The only manufacturer in India that produces EV is Mahindra REVA. There are a few makers in the two wheeler segment such as Yo Bykes, Hero Electric, Ampere and Lohia Auto.

The biggest challenge to the manufacturers is to convince an Indian consumer to pay a premium to go electric. On the other hand, the biggest challenge to the government will be to provide the necessary infrastructure to support EVs like charging stations that are spread across the country.

In a country that is still struggling with frequent power shortages and load shedding, do EVs really make sense?

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5 thoughts on “In a nutshell – India’s National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020

  1. khilendra singh chauhan says:

    based on todays situation to think for something running on road using electricity is a dream.
    government first need to launch scheme for electric supply in every corner of India, then think of any such scheme..otherwise its just another investment aimed fpr people benefit but ending in pockets of politicians.

    1. haritha says:

      Again, currently, the underlying technology and infrastructure for electric vehicles is poor too. And, do we have enough electricity to facilitate this change? Absolutely not ! Practically, we should revise the NEMMP 2020 to NEMMP 2035

  2. Sujaya Rathi says:

    EV in Public transit might make sense..coz the emissions due to increase in the volume of cars will dominate the emisions reduced due to EVs, if we don’t do enough foir dd management and upgarde public transit to the level as in Germany. Also the energy mix in the electricity required will determine how green Indian electric mobility will be…

  3. Mohammed says:

    Bear in mind, even in the developed countries, the electric cars have failed to attract buyers. So, imagine in a developing country like our’s, no one would spend 5 lacs for a 2 seater car (+2 baby seats) which would only run about 80-100 kms on a single charge. We’re still very much a value driven society which values every rupee spent.

    Again, currently, the underlying technology and infrastructure for electric vehicles is poor too. And, do we have enough electricity to facilitate this change? Absolutely not ! Practically, we should revise the NEMMP 2020 to NEMMP 2035.

  4. sandy says:

    Based on this, I learnt a lot from the documentary film “Who Killed the Electric Car?” directed by ‘Chris Paine’. Few months ago, I saw this inspiring video “The State of Electric Vehicle in America” (, where we can also see Chris Paine’s energy conscious life style from 15.04 to 18.00 time slot, which answers our power shortage and load shedding problems. But I would definitely want some short of standardization as far EV is concerned, like same kind of battery pack should be shared by every EV manufacturers, so that battery swapping can easily take place. We need “swapping cum charging centers” throughout the city limit like we find “SIM cards and recharge counters”.


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